Photography has been used as propaganda for almost as long as the medium has existed and by the end of the 19th century it was definitely well entrenched. “The camera can not lie” is a much used and misused expression, which extraordinarily is still widely believed. Whereas “art” was always known to be a representation, the advent of photography brought a new realism that people quickly succumbed to. Perhaps not surprising since in the early days photography was more of a science than an art, and with few notable exceptions, was generally practised by men, who became intrigued by the physics of the medium and the possibility of depicting subjects with absolute accuracy.
Photography as propaganda is not a simple subject. It takes various forms. It is not just the way a person or event is portrayed, but can also involve manipulation of images to portray the subject in a